Safety and Efficacy of DPP4 Inhibitor and Basal Insulin in Type 2 Diabetes: An Updated Review and Challenging Clinical Scenarios
Fernando Gomez-Peralta, Cristina Abreu, Sara Gomez-Rodriguez, Rafael J. Barranco, and Guillermo E. Umpierrez
Diabetes Therapy; 2018 Aug
The present review summarizes the extensive evidence on the combination therapy of DPP4 inhibitors and insulin-based regimens in patients with type 2 diabetes. The authors focus their discussion on challenging clinical scenarios including patients with chronic renal impairment, elderly persons and hospitalized patients.
Diabetes Among Non-Overweight Individuals: an Emerging Public Health Challenge
Unjali P. Gujral, Mary Beth Weber, Lisa R. Staimez, and K.M. Venkat Narayan
Current Diabetes Reports; 2018 Jul:18(8)
In this review, the authors discuss the epidemiology of type 2 diabetes in non-overweight adults; pose questions about etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and prognosis; and examine implications for prevention and treatment.
Global Diabetes Prevention Interventions: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis of the Real-World Impact on Incidence, Weight, and Glucose
Karla Ivette Galaviz, Mary Beth Weber, Audrey Straus, Jeehea Sonya Haw, K.M. Venkat Narayan, and Mohammed Kumail Ali
Diabetes Care; 2018 Jul;41(7):1526-1534
The purpose of this study was to synthetize global evidence on the impact of lifestyle modification (LSM) strategies on diabetes incidence and risk factors in one parsimonious model.
Room for Improvement: The HIV–Diabetes Care Continuum Over 15 Years in the Women’s Interagency HIV Study
Jonathan Colasanti, Karla I. Galaviz, C. Christina Mehta, Kartika Palar, Michael F. Schneider, Phyllis Tien, Adaora A. Adimora, et al.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases; 2018 May;5(6)
The authors analyzed cross-sectional data of the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) from 2001, 2006, and 2015. They estimated the proportions of HIV-positive and HIV-negative women with diabetes who were engaged in care and achieved treatment goals and viral suppression.
A Randomized Controlled Study Comparing a DPP4 Inhibitor (Linagliptin) and Basal Insulin (Glargine) in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes in Long-term Care and Skilled Nursing Facilities: Linagliptin-LTC Trial
Guillermo E. Umpierrez, Saumeth Cardona, David Chachkhiani, Maya Fayfman, Sahebi Saiyed, Heqiong Wang, Priyathama Vellanki, et al.
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association; 2018 May;19(5):399-404
This 6-month open-label randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy and safety of a DPP4 inhibitor (linagliptin) and basal insulin (glargine) in LTC residents with T2DM.
Are the U.S. Territories Lagging Behind in Diabetes Care Practices?
Rachel P. Ogilvie, Shivani A. Patel, K.M. Venkat Narayan, Neil K. Mehta
Primary Care Diabetes; 2018 May;pii:S1751-9918
The authors compare the prevalence and secular trends of four recommended diabetes care practices in the U.S. territories of Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands to the 50 United States and D.C. ("U.S. States") in 2001-2015.
Dietary Behaviors and Glucose Metabolism in Young Adults at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes
EunSeok Cha, Sudeshna Paul, Betty J. Braxter, Guillermo Umpierrez, Melissa Spezia Faulkner
The Diabetes Educator; 2018 Apr;44(2):158-167
The purpose of the study was to examine the associations between dietary behaviors and glucose metabolism in high-risk young adults to increase the precision of nutrition education to prevent early onset type 2 diabetes (T2D).
The Effect of Continuous Glucose Mointoring in Preventing Inpatient Hypoglycemia in General Wards: The Glucose Telemtery System
Elias K. Spanakis, David L. Levitt, Tariq Siddiqui, Lakshmi G. Singh, Lillian Pinault, John Sorkin, Guillermo E. Umpierrez, Jeffrey C. Fink
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology; 2018 Jan;12(1):20-25
The aim of this pilot study was to examine whether CGM readings can be successfully transmitted from the bedside to a central monitoring device in the nursing station, and whether a glucose telemetry system can prevent hypoglycemic events.
Declines in the Incidence of Diabetes in the U.S.: Real Progress or Artifact?
Elizabeth Selvin, Mohammed K. Ali
Diabetes Care; 2017 Sep;40(9):1139-1143
The authors present and discuss data that suggest improved detection and changes in screening and diagnostic practices may have resulted in the depletion of the "susceptible population."
Entrenched Obesity in Childhood: Findings from a National Cohort Study
Solveig A. Cunningham, Ashlesha Datar, K. M. Venkat Narayan, Michael R. Kramer
Annals of Epidemiology; 2017 Jul;27(7):435-441
Even one timepoint of obesity measured during the early elementary school years may be an indicator of risk for long-term obesity.
Perioperative Hyperglycemia Management: An Update
Elizabeth W. Duggan, Karen Carlson, Guillermo E. Umpierrez
Anesthesiology; 2017 Mar;126(3):547-560
County-level Contextual Factors Associated with Diabetes Incidence in the United States
Solveig Cunningham, Shivani Patel, Gloria Beckles, Linda Geiss, Neil K. Mehta, H. Xie, G. Imperatore
Annals of Epidemiology; 2017 Nov 23. pii: S1047-2797(17)30172-2
This study explores how geographic distribution of diabetes in the US is associated with socioeconomic and built environment characteristics and health-relevant.
Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) Investigation Guide
This Field Epidemiology Training Program Investigators Guide was produced by CDC in collaboration with EGDRC, and was led by Dr. Unjali Gujral at Emory.
Incidence of Diabetes after a Partner's Diagnosis
Solveig A. Cunninghama, Sara R. Adams, Julie A. Schmittdiel, Mohammed K. Ali
Preventive Medicine; 2017 Dec;105:52-57
In a cohort study, we examined whether incidence of diabetes was different for individuals with recently diagnosed partners compared to individuals similar on other characteristics but whose partners were never diagnosed with diabetes.
Participation in a National Lifestyle Change Program is Associated with Improved Diabetes Control Outcomes
This research studied the largest clinical lifestyle change program in the United States, the Veteran’s Health Administration’s MOVE! program.
A National Effort to PreventType 2 Diabetes: Participant-Level Evaluation of CDC’s National Diabetes Prevention Program
Elizabeth K. Ely, Stephanie M. Gruss, Elizabeth T. Luman, Edward W. Gregg, Mohammed K. Ali, Kunthea Nhim, Deborah B. Rolka, and Ann L. Albright
Diabetes Care; 2017 Oct; 40(10):1331-1341
This paper assesses participant-level results from the first 4 years of implementation of the National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP), a national effort to prevent type 2 diabetes in those at risk through structured lifestyle change programs.
The Stability of Children's Weight Status Over Time, and the Role of Television, Physical Activity, and Diet in Elementary School
Sandra L. Jackson and Solveig A. Cunningham
Preventive Medicine; Vol. 100, July 2017; pp. 229-234
This study examined the effects of weight-related behaviors on subsequent changes in weight during childhood using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), a nationally representative prospective cohort of children in the United States.
Preventing Disability: The Influence Of Modifiable Risk Factors On State And National Disability Prevalence
Neil K. Mehta, Shivani A. Patel, Mohammed K. Ali, and K. M. Venkat Narayan
Health Affairs; April 2017, Vol. 36, No. 4
This analysis provides a benchmark for national and state-level monitoring of disability levels in the US population over time and across regions. Further understanding of the wide state-level variation in disability and the prevalence of risk factors may also yield important policy insights.
Incidence Trends of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes among Youths, 2002–2012
Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, Jean M. Lawrence, Lawrence Dolan, Giuseppina Imperatore, et al.
New England Journal of Medicine; 2017, 376:1419-1429
This study concludes that the incidences of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes among youths increased significantly in the 2002–2012 period, particularly among youths of minority racial and ethnic groups.
Mediators of 12-Month Outcomes of Two Internet Interventions for Youth With Type 1 Diabetes
Sarah S. Jaser, Robin Whittemore, Ariana Chao, Sangchoon Jeon, Melissa S. Faulkner, and Margaret Grey
Journal of Pediatric Psychology; 2014 Apri; 39(3): 306-315
The study aims to determine mediators of 12-month outcomes of Internet interventions for youth with type 1 diabetes transitioning to adolescence.
A Systematic Review of Transitional Care for Emerging Adults with Diabetes
Mary K. Findley, EunSeok Cha, Eugene Wong, and Melissa Spezia Faulkner
Journal of Pediatric Nursing; 2015 Sep-Oct; 30(5); e47-e62
A systematic review of 31 research articles focusing on transitional care for adolescents or emerging adults with diabetes or prediabetes was completed.
A Personalized Approach to Exercise Promotion in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes
Melissa Spezia Faulkner, Sara Fleet Michaliszyn, and Joseph T. Hepworth
Pediatric Diabetes; May 2010; Vol. 11, Issue 3; pp. 166-174
This exploratory study tested the feasibility of conducting a novel, personalized exercise intervention based upon the current fitness levels of adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1DM).
Relationship Between Prenatal Growth, Postnatal Growth and Childhood Obesity: A Review
E.K. Matthews, Jingkai Wei, and Solveig A. Cunningham
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 2017 Aug; 71(8):919-930
This systematic review assesses whether rapid growth during the first two years of life holds different implications for children according to their prenatal growth.
Solveig A. Cunningham, Aleena Mosher, Suzanne E. Judd, Lisa M. Matz, Edmond K. Kabagambe, Claudia S. Moy, and Virginia J. Howard
Journal of Gerontology B Psychology and Social Sciences; 2017 Feb 10
Among older adults, those who used to, but no longer, drink had higher risks of stroke, especially among women; current light drinkers had the lowest risk of stroke.