Intersection of Chronic Diseases: Understanding the Care Continuum for Patients Co-affected by HIV and Diabetes
Diabetes among HIV-positive individuals is emerging as a major comorbidity, fueling cardiovascular and renal disease ultimately resulting in increased morbidity and mortality in this population. To identify gaps in diabetes care, this study aims to explore the diabetes care continuum among people living with HIV. In addition, this study can inform pragmatic interventions to improve regular clinical practice and reduce morbidity in people living with HIV and diabetes.
Adoption of New Lifestyles among Refugee Families: Health Implications of Integration
This project will inform programs to prevent obesity and diabetes among newly arrived people in the U.S. It will also provide scientifically and programmatically important information on how health and health behaviors change when people experience a change in their social and economic environments.
A Sleep Intervention (SLEEP-Extend) for Young Adults At-Risk for Type 2 Diabetes
The risk for developing diabetes in persons with difficulty in maintaining sleep is 1.84 times the risk of diabetes in those who do not have sleep issues which is very similar to the relative risk detected from another commonly recognized risk factor-- family history of diabetes (1.7-2.3) (Reutrakul & Van Cauter, 2014). This study will examine whether an intervention to extend sleep will result in behavior change to increase sleep duration and improve insulin resistance, providing evidence of the impacts in intervening with sleep duration to improve metabolic function.
Mobile Health Based Type 2 Diabetes Management in South Asian Immigrants
Individual from South Asia (SA) have higher prevalence of T2D compared to other U.S ethnic groups. Immigrants are more likely to have less access to optimal medical care due to language and cultural barriers. This study will examine the impact on diabetes control of adding the language based mheatlh application to usual medical care for diabetes in South Asian immigrants.